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Harvest pods: If you are eating your beans, allow 1-2 pods per plant to remain for seed. Leaving too many pods on a single plant will prevent it from producing more beans. Once pods have dried on the plant, harvest them.
Extract Seeds: Dry pods will split open by themselves to release seeds, which can be easily separated from chaff by winnowing with a light fan.
Dry: After removing seeds, allow to dry for an additional period of 1-2 weeks.
Label and Store: Properly stored bean seeds can remain viable for 4 years.
Beans should be grown in the warm season with temperatures below 86 degrees F. Dry weather is ideal for maturing beans. Plant in full sun in rich, well-drained soil.
Beans are self-pollinated and very rarely cross with other species. Therefore, growers need not be very concerned about isolation distances, however, some sources do recommend 100 feet of distance between varieties to ensure seed integrity. This also ensures that when it comes time to harvest beans, the grower will be able to easily identify the bean plant without risk of adjacent and similarly colored plants becoming intertwined.
Sources: http://www.fedcoseeds.com/seeds/seed_saving.htm ; http://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/vegetables/beans/tips-for-growing-beans.htm ;Kohala Center
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