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Harvest seed pods: Harvest seed pods: Wait for flowers to wither and seed pods to emerge. Once seed pods have turned brown and dry, they are ready for harvest. Leave on the plant until seed pods are completely brown. Note that seed pods should be removed immediately after they dry because they often release seeds just days after they have dried. Cut pods off at the stems.
Extract Seed: Place pods in a paper bag and apply pressure with your fingers to break pods open. Separate seeds from chaff.
Label and Store: Store seeds in a paper envelope, this will allow any remaining moisture to escape. Label and store in a cool and dry location. Turnip seeds remain viable for 4-5 years.
Turnips do well in moderate climates with cold nights. They should be planted in early spring or fall.
Turnips will cross with Chinese mustards and Chinese cabbages. Therefore, gardeners interested in saving seed need to be conscious of isolation distances in order to preserve seed integrity. A minimum isolation distance of a mile will prevent cross-pollination. However, if sufficient space is unavailable, gardeners may also use alternate day caging and bag a large group of plants (at least 10), in order to ensure adequate pollination.
Sources: http://homeguides.sfgate.com/harvest-turnip-greens-seed-pods-21976.html ; http://howtosaveseeds.com/seedsavingdetails.php#turnips
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