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Harvest peppers: Allow peppers to ripen and dry completely on the plant before harvesting.
Harvest seeds: Use a knife to split pepper in half lengthwise. Strip seeds from fruit using your fingers. We recommend wearing gloves during this process, so that the seed residue doesn't get on your skin and in your eyes. Spread seeds on a paper towel.
Dry seeds: Place paper towel in the darkest part of a warm and dry space for one week. Do not put in direct sunlight!
Store seeds: After a week on the paper towel, place seeds in an envelope or container and label with the variety name and date. Properly stored pepper seeds can last at least 3 years.
In order to prevent disease, avoid fields where the previous crop was sweet potato or a solanaceous crop (tomato, pepper eggplant, white potato). Peppers grow best in the dry season with temperatures between 70-90 degrees F. Peppers produce self-pollinating flowers.
When growing for seed saving, separate different varieties by 20m or with a tall, wind breaking crop. If this is not possible, close the flower bud with a cotton ball to avoid cross pollination. As your crop begins to grow, mark the earliest maturing and most attractive plants, in order to remind yourself which peppers you would like to save seeds from.
Sources: Kohala Center - Saving your own seeds; http://www.gardenguides.com/126703-harvest-pepper-seeds.html
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