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Harvest: Asparagus seeds are found in small red berries that reach maturity in the fall. Once berries are red and begin to droop over, harvest them for additional drying.
Dry: Hang harvested stems with attached berries upside down in a paper bag or over a bowl for a week. Berries will dry and turn brown, indicating that the seeds are ready to harvest. The bag or bowl will catch any fallen berries.
Extract Seeds: Free the seeds by rubbing berries against a mesh wire screen. Rinse the seeds under cold water and remove remaining pulp. Dry: In order to properly dry your seeds, first pat them down with a paper towel, and then place to dry on a glass or ceramic plate for at least a week. Set to dry in a cool and dry place.
Dry: In order to properly dry your seeds, first pat them down with a paper towel, and then place to dry on a glass or ceramic plate for at least a week. Set to dry in a cool and dry place.
Label and Store: Once seeds are completely dry, place in a container and store in a cool, dark place until planting. Asparagus seeds remain viable for three years.
If saving asparagus for seed, be sure that you are growing both male and female plants in your garden. Asparagus does best in full sun and environments with cold winters or dry seasons. Asparagus does well in loose, well-drained soil.
Asparagus will cross-pollinate across varieties. Therefore, in order to ensure seed integrity, provide an isolation distance of 2 miles or use a bagging technique to prevent cross-pollination.
Sources: Lannotti, Marie. The Beginner's Guide to Growing Heirloom Vegetables. Through Google books ; http://homeguides.sfgate.com/harvest-store-asparagus-seed-68324.html ; http://www.rodalesorganiclife.com/garden/how-grow-asparagus
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